The ranking of the world’s most powerful countries is not always straightforward and might be subjective. The most powerful nations create global economic patterns, preoccupy policymakers, and have formidable defense and military forces. Foreign policies of major countries are widely monitored and routinely dominate news headlines worldwide.
Here is the list of the top 10 most powerful countries in the world.
India is a nation in South Asia. It is the world’s tenth most powerful country, the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country, and the most populous democracy. It shares land boundaries with Pakistan to the west, China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north, and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east.
It is bounded by the Indian Ocean to the south, the Arabian Sea to the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal to the southeast. In the Indian Ocean, India is near Sri Lanka and the Maldives, and its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand, Myanmar, and Indonesia.
9. SAUDI ARABIA
Saudi Arabia is a nation in Western Asia on the Arabian Peninsula. It is the world’s ninth most powerful country, with a land size of around 2,150,000 km2 (830,000 sq mi), making it the third-biggest country fully in Asia, the second-largest in the Arab world, and the largest in Western Asia. It is bounded on the west by the Red Sea, Jordan, Iraq, and Kuwait on the north, the Persian Gulf, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates on the east, Oman on the southeast, and Yemen on the south.
Saudi Arabia and Egypt are separated by the Gulf of Aqaba, which has a maximum width of 24 kilometers (15 miles). Saudi Arabia is the only nation in the world having coastlines on both the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, and the majority of its topography is made up of dry desert, lowland, steppe, and mountains. Riyadh is the country’s capital and largest city. Mecca and Medina, Islam’s holy cities, are located in the nation.
8. SOUTH KOREA
South Korea is an East Asian country that occupies the southern tip of the Korean Peninsula and shares a land border with North Korea. It ranks eighth in the world’s power rankings. The Yellow Sea forms its western boundary, and the Sea of Japan forms its eastern border. The Seoul Capital Area is home to over 25 million people, accounting for almost half of the country’s 51 million inhabitants.
France is a transcontinental country that includes Western Europe as well as overseas areas and territories in the Americas, as well as the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans. It is the world’s seventh most powerful country. Its metropolitan area stretches from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean, as well as from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea; its overseas territories include French Guiana in South America, Saint Pierre and Miquelon in the North Atlantic, the French West Indies, and numerous islands in Oceania and the Indian Ocean. France has the world’s largest exclusive economic zone due to its numerous coastline areas.
France has European borders with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, Andorra, and Spain, as well as American borders with the Netherlands, Suriname, and Brazil. Its eighteen integral areas (five of which are overseas) cover a total area of 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) and have a population of nearly 67 million people. France is a unitary semi-presidential republic, with Paris as its capital and primary cultural and commercial center; other significant cities include Marseille, Lyon, Toulouse, Lille, Bordeaux, and Nice.
6. UNITED KINGDOM (UK)
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, sometimes known as the United Kingdom (UK) or England, is a sovereign entity in northwest Europe, off the European mainland’s northwestern coast. It is the world’s sixth most powerful country which consists of the island of Great Britain, the northwestern portion of the island of Ireland, and a number of other islands within the British Isles.
Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. Otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south, and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the world’s 12th-longest coastline. The Irish Sea divides the United Kingdom from Ireland. The overall area of the United Kingdom is 93,628 square miles (242,500 km2), with a population of 67 million expected in 2020.
Germany is a Central European nation. It is the world’s fifth most powerful country, the second most populated in Europe after Russia, and the most populous member state of the European Union. Germany is located between the Baltic and North Seas to the north and the Alps to the south; it has a land area of 357,022 square kilometers (137,847 square miles) with a population of about 83 million people divided among its 16 component states.
Germany has boundaries with Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, and France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands to the west. The nation’s capital and largest city is Berlin, and its financial center is Frankfurt; the Ruhr is the country’s largest metropolitan region.
Japan is an East Asian island nation. It is the world’s fourth most powerful country, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean, and is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan while reaching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. Japan is part of the Ring of Fire and consists of 6852 islands spanning 377,975 square kilometers (145,937 square miles); the five main islands are Hokkaido, Honshu (the “mainland”), Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Tokyo is the nation’s capital and largest metropolis; other significant cities include Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo, Fukuoka, Kobe, and Kyoto.
Japan is the world’s eleventh most populated country, as well as one of the most densely inhabited and urbanized. Three-fourths of the country’s geography is hilly, squeezing the country’s 125.44 million people on narrow coastal lowlands. Japan is split into 47 administrative prefectures and eight traditional regions. With a population of more than 37.4 million people, the Greater Tokyo Region is the world’s most populated metropolitan area.
Russia, often known as the Russian Federation, is a country that spans Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. It is the third most powerful country in the world, as well as the largest, covering about 17,125,191 square kilometers (6,612,073 square miles) and comprising one-eighth of the Earth’s habitable landmass.
Russia is the world’s largest country, spanning eleven time zones and bordering sixteen sovereign states, the most of any country. With a population of 145.5 million, it is the ninth-most populated nation in the world and the most populous country in Europe. The capital, Moscow, is Europe’s biggest metropolis, while Saint Petersburg is the country’s second-largest city and cultural center.
China is an East Asian country and the world’s second most powerful country. With a population of more than 1.4 billion people, it is the world’s most populated country. China covers five geographical time zones and borders 14 distinct nations, the second most of any country in the world behind Russia.
It is the world’s third or fourth biggest country, with a size of around 9.6 million square kilometers (3,700,000 sq mi). The nation is divided into 23 provinces, five autonomous regions, four municipalities, and two Special Administrative Regions (Hong Kong and Macau). Beijing is the nation’s capital.
1. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (USA)
The United States of America (USA) is a country situated largely in North America. It is the world’s most powerful country. It is made up of fifty states, a federal district, five large unorganized territories, 326 Indian reservations, and nine tiny offshore islands. It is the world’s third or fourth-largest country by geographic area, with over 3.8 million square miles.
The United States has land borders with both Canada and Mexico to the north and south, as well as sea boundaries with the Bahamas, Cuba, Russia, and other nations. It is the world’s third most populated country, with a population of about 331 million people. Washington, D.C. is the nation’s capital, while New York Metropolis is the most populated city and financial hub.