In most corrupt nations, where corruption is a way of life, the government’s lack of political will to fight corruption allows politicians and public office holders to pillage public monies with impunity.
Corruption spreads from the public to private sectors, fostering the “if you can’t defeat them, join them” mentality.
According to survey research, the following variables contribute to corruption:
- Greed and ambitions for money
- Increased commercial and political monopolization
- Low levels of democracy, low levels of public involvement, and low levels of political openness
- Increased bureaucracy and ineffective administrative structures
- Press freedom is restricted.
- Economic freedom is limited.
- Large ethnic differences and a high level of in-group preference
- Inequality of gender
- Instability in politics
- Inadequate property rights
- Influenza from corrupt neighboring nations
- Low levels of education and a lack of societal commitment
- Aristocratic family
Here is a list of the top 10 most corrupt countries in the world.
10. Democratic Republic of Congo
Corruption pervades all segments of society, from tiny bribes to grand corruption, as well as illicit money flows. Corruption, nepotism, tenancy, and favoritism are characteristics.
The issue has been exacerbated by a protracted civil war and a lackluster anti-corruption campaign. Corruption by state actors is tolerated. As a result, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) becomes one of the world’s most corrupt countries.
The governing class has a direct stake in the country’s economy and frequently directs economic activity based on their own personal prospects. As a result, the country’s economic future is jeopardized, and it has become the least competitive in the world.
9. North Korea
North Korea has an extensive corruption system that affects all parts of society.
The cruel dictatorial regime continues to issue draconian restrictions that restrict freedom and the right to express oneself.
According to a 2019 UN assessment, the state-run public distribution system failed in the mid-1990s, forcing individuals to labor in informal marketplaces where they have no choice but to pay officials in order to escape incarceration.
As a result, there is a significant degree of hunger affecting around 10.9 million individuals — more than 43 percent of the population.
According to Gan Integrity, significant corruption exists in all areas of the Libyan economy. The governmental procurement sector and the oil industry, on the other hand, are among the most hit.
Bribery and favoritism are frequent activities in all industries, and firms may face unfair competition from state-owned enterprises, which also dominate the local market.
Corruption was endemic throughout Gaddafi’s reign, and it has only become worse in the post-revolution period.
The organizational foundation for combating corruption is poor, and political instability and violence undermine the rule of law.
The Libyan Constitution Drafting Assembly is still working on the constitution, therefore, all legislation is based on the Constitutional Declaration that came into effect following Gaddafi’s ouster.
7. Equatorial Guinea
Political corruption in Equatorial Guinea is severe by global standards, and the country is regarded as one of the worst on the planet.
It’s been considered “an almost perfect kleptocracy.” The country is at the bottom of every major governance indicator or rating due to the magnitude of systematic corruption and the authorities’ disregard for the well-being of the people.
The government is dominated by a small handful of influential individuals who siphon the majority of the country’s resources into their own secret bank accounts in other countries.
This country is one of the most corrupt in the world. Despite being a wealthy country, the majority of its population is impoverished due to the high level of corruption.
Corruption exists in all industries and at all levels of government in Sudan.
In Sudan, governmental employees are known to seek bribes for services that citizens or businesses are legally entitled to.
Government officials have direct and indirect involvement in numerous businesses, distorting the market through favoritism and cronyism; and the head of state and government is suspected of embezzling up to $9 billion from oil earnings.
Most areas of the Venezuelan economy are plagued by chronic corruption, owing to a highly politicized and weak court that is ineffectual in combating corruption and impunity.
Extortion, passive and active bribery, and abuse of power are all crimes in Venezuela, according to the legal framework. However, bribery of foreign officials is not covered by the legal system.
The country’s anti-corruption law is poorly enforced, and government officials engage in corrupt acts with impunity. Bribery and facilitation payments are common.
Gifts offered in exchange for an unfair advantage are unlawful under Venezuelan law, yet the practice is common in most areas.
Yemen is yet another conflict-torn country with a history of corruption. For more than six years, the Middle Eastern country has been at war, with over 233,000 people killed.
The scenario exposes the Arab world’s poorest country to serious corruption. According to the UN, both fighting groups, the Iran-aligned Houthi militias, and President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi’s “legitimate” government are accused of money laundering and diverting monies intended for humanitarian reasons.
As a result, the country has become one of the most corrupt in the world, with rampant extortion, racketeering, and bribery.
There are three key aspects of corruption in the war-torn Middle Eastern country.
First and foremost, bribery. This is prevalent across Syria.
Second, according to Syria’s Penal Law, there is a misuse of authority. Abusers of power utilize their relationships with decision-makers (whether actual or virtual) to trick their victims into financial or moral payoffs.
The third and last category is the misappropriation of public funds.
Dictatorship is the primary source of pervasive corruption in Syria. A governing system that does not provide for proper checks and balances. It stifles journalistic freedom, providing cover for those in authority to pilfer public funds.
2. South Sudan
President Salva Kiir appealed in 2012 to government employees who he said had stolen $4 billion from government funds to return the money. He said that the majority of the funds were stashed in foreign accounts at a time when the young country desperately needed money to support growth.
Salva Kiir’s complaint emphasized the extent of corruption that has plagued the North African country ever since independence from Sudan in 2011. It has suffered from havoc-wreaking corruption, which has limited its economic progress to the basic necessities.
The Sub-Saharan African country is plagued by corruption, which has ravaged every facet of its life. Somalia has been suffering at the mercy of corruption, exacerbated by conflict and civil war, which have resulted in government destabilization.
It is currently eroding democracy, human rights, and the rule of law by diminishing its state-building efforts.
Furthermore, crime and terrorism are on the rise. To make matters worse, governmental authorities do not demonstrate sufficient commitment to combating corruption.
Somalia is ranked #1 on this list of the world’s most corrupt countries.